Hair Rejuvenation FAQs Dallas
What is PRP?
PRP is an abbreviation for platelet rich plasma. Your platelets contain growth factors that induce healing and repair. Platelets can be concentrated to help focus these actions for particular conditions, one of which is to stimulate growth of existing hair and make dormant hair follicles come alive again and grow more hair.
Does PRP work?
Preliminary studies indicate that many patients respond to PRP therapy for hair restoration. Individual results vary and there are no guarantees of success, but hair restoration physicians have been using the technique with good success. There are many clinical studies confirming the above actions of PRP and how it has been shown to be effective in multiple conditions in the specialty fields of plastic surgery, cosmetic surgery, oral surgery, neurosurgery, sports medicine and orthopedics.
How does PRP work to grow more hair?
Platelets contain numerous growth factors that promote hair growth. These include:
Platelet Derived Growth Factor (PDGF) – promotes blood vessel growth, cell replication, and skin formation.
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) – promotes the growth and formation of blood vessels.
Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) – promotes cell growth and differentiation
Transforming Growth Factor Beta (TGF-b) – promotes the growth of the structural parts of your tissues, including the matrix between cells.
Fibroblast Growth Factor-2 (PGF-2) – promotes growth of the structural cells between the tissue cells and within blood vessels.
Insulin Like Growth Factor (IGF) – regulates normal metabolism of almost every cell in the body
Bottom line, PRP stimulates growth of blood vessels to the skin and follicles to improve their nutrition and oxygenation, which makes them healthier and able to grow better. It stimulates the cells of these tissues to grow so you have more cells with better structure. The result is stimulated growth of the awake follicles to grow and an awakening of the dormant follicles to start growing too.
Am I a candidate for PRP?
The decision to use PRP for hair restoration is a decision that should be made after careful research, consideration and consultation with a physician who performs the procedure. If you have marked thinning of your hair and minimal balding, you most likely will respond to PRP and have more hair growth with fuller hair results. If you’re absolutely bald, it probably will not work since in most of these situations the hair follicles are gone (not even dormant).
Is the procedure safe?
Because your own blood and plasma is used and reinjected back into your skin, there is no way you will get a reaction from these injections as you could with other foreign substances. There is absolutely no chance of getting cross contamination from another human being since we only use your own blood. However, infections can occur but these are rare. If it does occur, usually a course of antibiotics takes care of this. Rarely do severe infections occur, but it they do, they could cause the same severe problems as with other parts of the body.
What are some of the medical conditions that can cause hair loss and thinning?
Multiple medical conditions can result in thinning of the hair and should always be treated in conjunction with PRP therapy for maximal results. Hormonal issues, such as hypothyroidism, can result in hair loss and only prescriptions medications can restore this balance. The amounts of estradiol and testosterone can affect your hair, either by stimulating its growth or by thinning the hair, and these must also be in perfect balance within your body. Androgenic Alopecia can be natural too, and this condition is probably the most common cause of hair loss in women. Heavy metal toxicities, excess inflammation, autoimmune diseases, and many other medical conditions can also affect hair growth. Seeing a physician who can take care of these problems in addition to treating your scalp with PRP is essential.
Does PRP work if I am bald?
Men who have bald heads have areas where the follicles are no longer present. Without at least dormant follicles present, there is nothing to stimulate to grow so no new hair growth can occur. In areas that are partially balding, there may still be some dormant follicles that may respond to PRP and form fuller hair.
How is the procedure performed?
First we draw your blood just like we do when you are having routine blood testing performed on your blood. The blood is spun down using a state of the art technique and centrifuge which separates the PRP from the other components of the blood. Using local anesthetics and mild sedation if needed, the PRP is injected into small holes on the scalp through a series of micro needle sticks. The combination of the PRP and the small breaks in the dermis induces the existing hair follicles to grow. Not only does it improve the growth of the hair you see, but also the dormant hair follicles are stimulated to grow too. The result is fuller and healthier hair.
Is there scientific proof that PRP works?
There have been many scientific studies that have proven the actions of PRP on the tissues to promote healing through secretion of growth factors from platelets. These increase vascular growth into the tissue, fibroblast growth, and new cell growth. They have been shown to stimulate growth of hair follicles into the active growth phase using these same growth factors.
Who should not have PRP treatments?
Smoking can decrease blood supply to the hair follicles per se, so the effectiveness of PRP to stimulate hair growth is not as good. Medical conditions involving platelet dysfunction may not respond well. These include thrombocytopenias and hypofibrinogenemia. Other conditions that may not respond include chronic infections, chronic liver disease, anti-coagulation therapy, chronic skin diseases, cancer and systemic disorders.
Can the PRP procedure replace hair transplant surgery?
PRP treatments do not replace hair transplant procedures. If you do not have follicles in bald areas, transplants are your only alternative, although PRP has been shown to improve the results of hair transplant surgery. PRP treatments are also effective in areas where you have thinning of your hair.
What medications can help improve hair growth?
Finasteride (DHT blockers), minoxidil, and spironolactone are some medications that can assist in hair growth. They have good studies and evidence that prove their effectiveness in this. Whether you are a candidate for these depends on your situation. PRP therapy can be used with these medications for enhanced effectiveness. There are several supplements that can also be used to help in hair loss. Only a consultation with a knowledgeable physician can help you to determine if you are a candidate for these medications.