Birth control is one of the many techniques that prevents fertilization and interrupt pregnancy. Family planning is extremely important whether you are married or about to get married. Before opting for a birth control method you must take in to considerations like your lifestyle, your and your partner’s health and several other factors.
The type of methods that is most commonly available is:-
Hormone method- oral contraceptives, injections, patch, vaginal ring.
There are several forms of hormonal birth control such as implants, injections, rings and patches other than oral contraceptive. These birth control methods release hormones and thus in the process ovulation. The sperm cannot reach the egg and there are less chances of a fertilized egg to get attached to the sperm.
Often questions have been raised about the effectiveness of this form of birth control procedure. However effective these are, hormonal birth control methods do not guard against sexually transmitted diseases and Human Immunodeficiency Virus.
Contraceptive implant- a contraceptive implant is a rod that is more or less of the size of a matchstick that is inserted under the skin using a special applicator. An implant can protect from pregnancy for at least 3 days. Implant also comes with the benefit of easy removal. It can be removed immediately by the health care provider and thus fertility returns without delay. But, the possible disadvantages of this contraceptive implant include irregular bleeding, weight gain, mood swings, depression and the like.
Birth control injections- Injections are usually given every 3 months by a health care provider. Injections must be taken on time and to start with, the first injection is usually taken during the first 5 days after the start of the menstrual period. Injections are known to reduce the risks of endometrial cancer. It also can be used by women who are breastfeeding. The possible side effects of injections include weight gain, dizziness, fatigue, headaches and the like.
Vaginal ring- this is a kind of a plastic ring that can be inserted in the upper part of the vagina. It is not actually required to visit a health care provider to get the ring inserted or removed, but a health care provider must be consulted. This ring is worn for around 21 days and then removed for 7 days and then a new ring is inserted all over again. The week when the ring is out, bleeding occurs.
The ring is kin won to reduce pain during menstrual periods and when used for a long stretch, it can prevent menstrual migraines. But, the usage of ring can lead to formation of blood clots in legs. The ring also comes with some possible side effects like vaginal infections and irritations, vaginal discharge, headaches, nausea, weight gain and the like.
Skin patch- the contraceptive skin patch is an adhesive patch that is worn on the skin and it releases estrogen and progestin in the blood stream. Extreme care must be taken that this patch does not come out during our daily activities like bathing, cycling, exercising and the like.
The patch is used on a cycle of 28 days. The patch is worn for 3 weeks and during the fourth week it is not worn and bleeding occurs. After the period of four weeks a new patch is worn and the entire cycle is repeated all over again. The patch is known to improve acne and reduce unwanted hair growth. If it is used constantly, it reduces the chance of menstrual migraines. The disadvantage of this patch is that it tends to develop blood clots in the legs and increases the chance of heart attacks and strokes. Gallbladder disease and liver tumor risks also increase with the use of skin patch. The most common side effects of this patch are nausea, headache and skin irritation.
Therefore, whatever be the effectiveness and benefits, disadvantages and side effects of these methods, you must choose the one that is safe for you. The side effects of a birth control method are directly proportional to your health and therefore you must always be under the able guidance of a trained physician. You must therefore be completely aware and well informed about the birth control method you choose and ask your physician to provide you with the complete details of the method