According to a new research it has been found out that a Mediterranean diet ceases the damages that are caused to the small blood vessels of the brain. This type of diet regimen rests mainly on plant based foods like fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts and the like. Foods are preferred to be cooked more using olive oil instead of butter and other fats and harmful oils. This diet does not favor one to consume much of red meat and fish and poultry are taken in restricted amounts.

The American Heart Association has in the recent past conducted a survey where it has been found out that people who follow this diet regime more sincerely stand little chance of developing white matter hyper intensity in their brain. This white matter hyper intensity denotes the level of small vessel damage in the brain. To obtain the best results, brain MRI scans of the individuals had been done.

Needless to say that the Mediterranean diet offers certain benefits to the human body. Previously, it had been recorded to reduce the risk of metabolic syndrome, coronary heart disease, stroke and thought and memory disorders.

One of the prime benefits of the Mediterranean diet is that most of the calories in this diet comes from monounsaturated fats i.e. olive oils and there are no saturated fats. This therefore does not raise as much blood cholesterol levels as saturated fat does.

People from the Mediterranean countries have very few heart diseases compared to those from the United States. Even the death statistics are also lower as compared. The diet might not be the sole factor and lifestyle factors might also play their roles. But the diet still plays the most crucial role.

There are around 16 countries that surround the Mediterranean Sea and obviously these 16 countries will not be having the same food pattern. Some of the common characteristics of this diet plan include:-

  • a high consumption of fruits, vegetables, bread and other cereals, potatoes, beans, nuts and seeds
  • olive oil is an essential fat source for this diet
  • dairy products, fish and poultry are consumed in a low to moderate amount and very little red meat is eaten
  • eggs are consumed zero to four times a week
  • wine is consumed in very low to moderate amounts

Due to difference in the religious, cultural and ethnic backgrounds, the dietary pattern may vary, but the above mentioned are the most common attributes of the Mediterranean diet.

With every passing day, more and more people are getting worried about several heart and brain related diseases. With advancements in the sphere of technology and medical science being introduced everyday, new medicines and therapies to combat these diseases are coming to the fore. But then complications could be simplified if  by following a diet plan and maintaining a disciplined lifestyle could produce the results that all these medicines and therapies provide.